When the Wodeyars began ruling the
Mysore area, their capital in the initial years was the city of itself. It was only during the reign of Raja Wodeyar that the capital was shifted from Mysore to Srirangapatna. Mysore
One of the main reasons, and except for contemporary records in Bijapur and only one in
Mysore, was that the Adil Shahis overran in 1593 after a long and hard siege that lasted a little more than three months. Mysore
All that the marauding Adil Shahis managed to take back to their capital City of
was twenty five elephants and a fair amount of booty. What that booty comprised, is not exactly known. Bijapur
It was the Adil Shahi General Manjun Khan who lead the Bijapur charge on
. Though there is again not much information in Hindu accounts of the period, we can glean some information from the two books on history written by Father Henry Heras, a Spanish Jesuit priest, and accounts of the expedition in Bijapur. Mysore
However, to the credit of the Wodeyars, they did not allow
to remain in the hands of the Adil Shahis for long. When the Adil Shahi Emperor, Ibrahim Adil Shah the second (1580-1627), recalled Manjun Khan, the Wodeyars retook Mysore and drove out the Adil Shahis. Mysore
In the same year, the imperial army of Venkata II or Venkata Deva Raya (1585-1614), the Vijayanagar king, according to contemporary accounts, freed the petty rajas of Kanara. Srirangapatna, around this time, was the seat of the Vijayanagar Viceroy and Raja Wodeyar soon realised that the island fortress offered a better defence than
He then took on the Vijayanagar Viceroy, Tirumularaya, a relative of the Vijayanagar Emperor, and defeated him in a battle near
(then a small village which today is Kesare). He then shifted his capital to Srirangapatna even as Tirumalaraya is supposed to have shifted to the small Mysore which is just across Talakadu. Incidentally, it is Tirumalaraya’s wife, Alamelu, who cursed Raja Wodeyar. village of Malangi
As soon as Raja Wodeyar shifted to Srirangapatna, he commenced the Dasara celebrations and he decreed that this event has to be held even if there is death in the family.
In 1616, Raja Wodeyar extended and reconstructed the
fort. He is credited with having drawn up the plans and built Mysore
the foundations of the outer walls where they now stand.
These and an inner or rather extra wall apparently on the
foundations of the previous south wall, were completed
by his grandson, Chamaraja Wodeyar VI.
During his reign, Raja Wodeyar managed to keep the Adil Shahis at bay but the
was always wary of a Hindu revival. They had been soundly defeated by Emperor Venkata and they did not want another adversary on their borders. So when Kantirava Narasa Wodeyar (1638-1659) ascended the throne, the Adil Shahis made another attempt to take Bijapur Kingdom . This was in 1638. Mysore
The Bijapur Emperor was Muhammad Adi Shah (the builder of the Gol Gumbaz) and he had succeeded Ibrahim to the throne on 1627. He had with him one of the ablest generals of the times in Randulla Khan. He sent a huge army under Randulla Khan to
but Kantirava proved equal to the occasion and repulsed the Adil Shahis. Mysore
This victory has unfortunately not been given its due by historians. The battle is buried in mounds of history and the feat of the champion Wodeyar King in thwarting Randulla Khan, who was eulogised as “ the bridegroom of the battlefield” has been underplayed.
According to legend, it was Goddess Chamundi herself who helped the Mysoreans during the siege. When Randulla Khan was told that there were women warriors too who were defending the
fort, he asked his men not to fire at them. Mysore
When the Bijapur army neared the
fort, they saw at least three fierce looking women raining arrows at them. The Bijapur Army dare not disobey their Commander-in-chief and they could not retaliate at the women who were standing on each of the three round topped towers of the Mysore fort. Mysore
The Bijapur army made a half hearted attempt to storm the walls before finally giving up. However, Kantirava found that the walls of the
fort had been weakened by the attack. He seriously doubted whether the fort could hold on in case of another attack and he set upon repairing and strengthening it. He also rebuilt a great part of the palace, which had been struck by lightning. Mysore
He also built a lake, which he called the
. He then built a memorial to Charamaraja Wodeyar, the fourth, on its bund. This lake, the garden and memorial were to the south of the Sringara Lake . Triyaneshwara Swami temple
The fortress came under siege again in 1759 when Haidar Ali decided to ferret out Karachuri Nanja Raj Urs, who, had taken shelter in
though he had promised to Mysore
retire to Konanur.
Hyder continued with the siege for three months. The last time that the fort was in the picture of contemporary history was when Tipu decided to raze it completely and construct a new fort at what is known as Nazarbad today.
still retains its vestiges of the past. However, there is not a trace of the Adil Shahis. It is obvious that they could not hold on to Mysore for a long time and that the Wodeyars regrouped and regained Mysore so quickly as to ensure that the Adil Shahis did not leave any imprint of their rule. Today, except for a few passages, there is no mention of the Adil Shahi conquest of Mysore . Mysore